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Residents of Panama’s larger cities are experiencing the benefits of a fast-growing economy because of the expanded Panama Canal and the resulting international trade.

People living at a distance from these cities are facing a very different economy. Extreme inequality is the best description of Panama’s economy where poverty rates are highest in rural areas, mainly inhabited by indigenous people.  In the indigenous areas of Panama, known as comarcas, poverty levels are above 70% and extreme poverty at about 40%.

The widespread poverty and inequality often result in negative effects on the environment.  The burden of poverty has driven many people to exploit Panama’s natural resources in harmful ways, such as deforestation.

While Panama has made tremendous progress in the last few decades, lack of health services and infrastructure, particularly access to roads, water and sanitation, continues to be a limitation in the comarcas.  WEFTA engineers have collaborated with poor and indigenous communities in rural Panama to construct water and sanitation projects.

Every time we send a crew on a trip to either help or assess a community, we ask our volunteers to write a Trip Report that details the trip through their eyes. These documents will give you both a look into what it is like being a volunteer and a first-hand perspective on our efforts to help communities.


The World Factbook

Capital:  Panama City

Area:  75,420 sq. km.

Population:  3,894,082 (July 2020)

Languages:  Spanish and indigenous languages including Ngabere, Buglere, Kuna, Embera, Wounaan, Naso and Panamian English Creole.

Regions:  interior with steep, rugged mountains and upland plains, coastal plains with rolling hills and the Panama Canal and surrounding area.

Water & Health

Since 2002, WEFTA has been connecting donors, engineers, and communities in Latin America and Africa, all with the common goal of ensuring access to clean drinking water for everyone.

Sanitation & Environment

WEFTA engineers help communities make sound decisions and facilitate the dialog leading to the development of solutions for inadequate sewage treatment, and its associated environmental impacts. 

Development & Sustainability 

WEFTA volunteers work with the communities we partner with to develop the local skills needed to maintain and manage the water and wastewater systems constructed.